Many materials used in building a house are mixed using water, such as plaster, concrete and mortar. This means that water will evaporate from these materials and may cause condensation in your home. This process is known as “drying out” and usually only last for about 6 months.
The following steps will help you reduce the effects of drying out:
It is inevitable that small cracks may appear in the plaster and woodwork, as part of the drying out the residence. These will not affect the structural integrity of the property, and they should be dealt with easily during normal redecoration process.
Drying out can also cause salts to be deposited on internal and external walls. These might appear as white marks and can be easily wiped away. If the problem persists, this could indicate a water leak, in which case you should contact your Developer.
Condensation accounts for approximately 70% of domestic damp, and is commonly attributed to a lack of balance between heating and ventilation, resulting a rise in relative humidity. An average family can produce up to 17 litres of water vapour a day, this from drying wet clothes on radiators or using tumble dryer, having hot baths or showers, boiling kettles, cooking and breathing. An excess of condensation can cause peeling wallpaper, crumbling plaster, discolouration and even health issues such as the growth of mould on walls and ceilings, or dust mites.
To control the excess of moisture you can close kitchen and bathroom doors to prevent steam going into other colder rooms, opening windows each day, even in the winter, to allow a change of air, wiping down surfaces when moisture settles, and maintaining low background heat.
Normal condensation issues that do not endanger the structural integrity of the property, are excluded from the policy.
As your home is lived in and heated, the timber and plaster used to build your home will shrink which may cause small cracks to appear. These cracks are not an indication of subsidence or any structural defects and can be permanently repaired.
To minimise cracking, try to keep an even temperature throughout your house, and whenever possible, don’t have the heating on too high. If cracks appear, they should be left for a few months before you try to seal them. If you redecorate, use good quality filler on any gaps.
Small cracks are common in newly built properties. To minimize cracking, the drying process needs to be gradual, therefore you should ventilate as much as possible and use your heating moderately. When minor cracks appear, these should be left and sealed during decoration, once drying out process is complete.
If, however you feel these cracks are more significant, report them to your Developer as soon as possible as they may be the first signs of movement in the structure.
If you find evidence of any water staining on the walls or ceilings of your property, again report these to your Developer as soon as possible. This could be the result of faulty plumbing, or the first signs of water entering the property through the external walls or roof.
Efflorescence typically occurs during initial cure of a cementitious product, when water moving through a wall or other structure, or water being driven out as a result of the heat of hydration as cement stone is being formed, which forms a white deposit that can normally be removed by wiping or brushing with a dry, stiff brush. It is important that you must not try to wash off the salts, since this may make matters worse.
Keep an eye out for any scuffs, scratches or marks on any of your walls, surfaces or appliances. Although these are not covered under your policy, you will need to make your Developer aware of them to ensure you get them remedied as soon as possible. If you have any areas of concern, take photographs. This is not only to evidence the problem, but will also allow you to determine if the problem worsens over time. Please note that these are not covered under our policy, and you should go directly to your Developer.
All newly built dwellings are required to meet good levels of insulation and air tightness, this potentially means that dwellings do not “breath” as well as an older building. For this reason, new houses will retain moisture from cooking and bathing for longer periods which could cause condensation. To avoid condensation dwellings are now installed with various methods of ventilation systems which may include the following:
It is important in all of the above methods of ventilation that you familiarise yourself with the controls and operation of each system. Here are a few suggestions to ensure your new dwelling is correctly ventilated:
When carrying out any DIY or maintenance work, it is important to remember that damages caused by such work are unlikely to be covered by our policy.
Care should be taken to ensure that the work you undertake is done safely, and follows the guidelines provided by the manufacturers of the products and materials you use. The following tips will help you when undertaking any new works on your home:
New woodwork absorbs considerable amounts of paint, so the first painting of a house needs extra attention. If you are painting for the first time, surfaces must be clean, prepared properly and be completely dry before repainting. Outside woodwork should be repainted more regularly.
An extension or alteration allows you to personalise your home by creating space or character. However, care must be taken to make sure this work does not damage your property. Damage caused by this kind of work will not be covered by your structural warranty, and could in some cases, invalidate your policy.
In the event that your new home would be unoccupied, especially during winter time, it is highly recommended to leave a thermostat set to 10 ºC and set the programmer or time control to keep this temperature steady. This will avoid an excess of moisture in the house, as well as the service pipes to freeze.
It is a very common problem to have blocked sinks and basins. Blockage in sinks is normally caused by the accumulation of fat, tea leaves, hair, etc. It is highly recommendable to clean wastes with hot water, or a bio-degradable cleaner at least once a month.
Toilets are normally blocked by unusual objects such as nappies, toys and air fresheners. If, however more than one fitting is blocked, the problem may be in the soil stack or main drain. This can be cleaned using rods.
Gutters and downspouts need to be checked and cleaned twice annually and more often during the rainy season if there are tall trees near the house. Use a small garden shovel to clean gutters and insert a hose into gutter drains to flush the downspouts.
Electric circuits are designed to carry certain amounts of electric load. To prevent the fuses to melt, when this load has been exceeded, circuit breakers called trip switches have been installed. This may lead to localised failure of the electricity supply in the home.
If the electricity is not working but only on certain appliances or light bulbs, it is highly possible that a trip switch has operated. To fix this problem, you need:
If you have trip switches operating on a regularly basis, it can mean that a faulty appliance is plugged to that electric circuit. You might need to identify which circuit is causing the problem (e.g., microwaves can load over 2500 watts). Each trip switch should be labelled.
In order to keep your boiler in good conditions, you must have it serviced once a year. You should not try to do it yourself, as it must be done by a Gas Safe approved contractor.
Do not close or block ventilators in the room where the boiler is, as this would limit the supply of air to the boiler. You should always check the type of flue you have with your boiler, as boilers with balanced flue incorporate their own air supply.
If any part of the system shows signs of corrosion or leakage, may be an indication that the system, or parts need to be repaired or replaced. However small surface rust on radiators can be considered normal and is easily removed by a gentle sanding prior repainting as a part of normal redecoration.
When you redecorate your new home, you must not paint over the small valves at the top of the radiators.
If you are suspicious about a gas leak; you must not turn on the lights. Turn off the gas tap, open doors and windows, do not operate any electrical appliance, and notify your gas supplier, on their emergency number always remember not to seal off or obstruct vents, by keeping fresh air circulating around appliances.
You should check your gas appliances regularly. Stains around a gas fire, or orange flames can be signs of poor functioning.
It is important to check on a regularly basis the operation of smoke alarms, by pressing the test button.
When you are moving in, you should consider the means of escape and a safe open space to shelter, in the unfortunate event of a fire.
Part of decorating your new home, is to shape your new garden. If you intend to plant trees, or cut the existing down, there are some aspects that you should consider.
The roots of all vegetation take water from the soil to make good the water lost from the leaves. If the soil contains clay it will shrink as it is dried, or swell if it is allowed to rehydrate. If the shrinking or swelling extends below the foundations, the foundations will subside or heave respectively. If the movements are in excess of those that can be tolerated by the building, damage is likely to occur.
You should consequently obtain advice from an expert before planting or removing any tree. Not only trees can cause damage to the structure, but drains can be damaged, as well as your neighbour’s property.